The Prime Tropical Island of Sri Lanka: the Land of Delights
Sri Lanka Holidays: Total Holiday Experience
Sri Lanka Holidays invites all of you to our ancient
tropical island of great natural bounty & ancient glory. The beautiful
island of Sri Lanka makes your touring holidays a total holiday
experience (THE) with something for everyone during Sri Lanka Tours.
Sri Lanka: nature & adventure, beaches & lagoons, wildlife &
elephants, Ayurveda & Buddhism
October to April if your itinerary includes
beaches in the west & south west coast
Off season: Fine, if you aren't bothered of bit of rain here & there while on tour
Monsoon rains: Southwest (June to September) & northeast (October to December)
The most colourful & vibrant pageant in Asia:
Kandy Esala Perahera pageant
(Full moon July-August)
The night ascent (three hours-7 km): climbing
Adam's Peak (that has been climbed
for 1000 years - Iban Battuta in 14th century) by moonlight with
streams of pilgrims carrying flairs like torches in the night
(December - May). Buzz in the night and light & shadow play at the crack of
dawn, magnificent view in the morning.
The Climatic division of the island
Despite the small size of the island, the presence of a mountainous core
& two monsoons create two sharply defined climatic zones: the larger,
dry mainly northern & eastern region, & the smaller wet, south-western
Tropical beaches of lowland plains (hot & humid).
Central Highlands from Kandy (500m up, Mediterranean climate) to Nuwara Eliya
(1800m up, salubrious climate).
North central dry lands (hot and dry climate), the kingdom of water
reservoirs called 'Rajarata' (meaning King's country in Sinhalese) or Wewebadirata (meaning country of rainwater reservoirs in Sinhalese).
The Tropical Beaches
Tropical beaches: Among the finest in the world,
Unawatuna Bay Beach (in
the top ten beaches of the world), Bentota Bay Beach Resort (prime beach
resort in the island), Tangalla Bay Beach,
Mirissa Bay Beach, Weligama
Scuba diving, PADI license, Snorkeling, Water Skiing, Wind Surfing, Sea
Kayaking, Fishing, Deep Sea Fishing, Water Sports.
Sri Lanka is a major nesting site of the marine turtles. Of the seven
species of marine turtle in the world, five return to lay their eggs in
the natal beaches of the Sri Lanka. Hatcheries are located in the south
western coast. All are listed by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) as
either threatened or endangered. The most famous beaches for turtles are
Koggala Beach &
UNDP sponsored Turtle conservation
Turtle Conservation Project, 389 Godagama, Kosgoda.
Nature & Adventure
Camping, Cycling, Trekking Canoeing at Belihul Oya.
Trekking, paragliding, canoeing, abseiling, camping & rock climbing
Rambling Rain forests, wild life, sanctuaries, safaris, parks at
National Parks & Reserves.
Boat safaris in lagoons at Bentota lagoon or at
rafting at Kitulgala.
Sri Lanka's Native indigenous Tribe (Veddas) in Dambana,
Classical bio-geographic theory predicts that small islands do not have
large animals. Sri Lanka defies that theory too. The largest terrestrial
mammal, the elephant, roams the wilderness in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka
boasts of one of the world's largest populations of wild elephants as
well as captive elephants in the world.
Uda Walawe National Park,
Ruhuna Yala National Park,
Park, Minneriya National Park,
Kaudulla National Park.
The world's first sanctuary for lost & abandoned elephants
Save the Sri Lankan Elephant
Tree Tops Farm, Elephant watch programme, 30/35 Q Willow Terrace, De
Silva Cross Road, Kalubowila, Dehiwale, Sri Lanka.
For one small island Sri Lanka packs an enormous variety of wildlife.
This is largely because of in that small space there is a wide range in
altitude. The Central Highlands rise to over 2,500m with damp evergreen
forests, cool uplands & high rainfall. Within 100km there are dry
coastal plains & sandy beaches.
Mammals: 86 mammal species. 14 of which are endemic. The pride of place
goes to elephant.
Reptiles: large reptiles & 83 species of snakes, five of them poisonous.
National Parks & Reserves of Sri Lanka
13% of the land mass of the island belongs to protected areas ranging
from National Parks, Nature reserves & Strict Nature Reserves.
The Frog capital
It is believed that as many as 200 new species of tree frogs are
awaiting scientific description. Sri Lanka could surpass countries like
Costa Rica in the number of tree frog species, making it the frog
capital of the world. This is a result of Sri Lanka being a Waterworld:
Ancient Sinhalese irrigation &
Modern irrigation Projects of Sri Lanka.
Freshwater fish endemism is extremely high as well, with over 140 native species.
The Ornithologist's paradise
Sri Lanka is also an ornithologist's paradise with over 250 resident
species, mostly found in the Wet Zone. The winter migrants come from
distant Siberia & Western Europe, the reservoirs attracting vast numbers
of water birds. Residents & migrants together make up 435 species.
Bundala Bird Sanctuary is famous for its migrating flocks of flamingos.
Wirawila Wewa (Wirawila rain water reservoir) Bird Sanctuary &
Kalametiya Bird Sanctuary with lagoons are located between
& Hambantota in the south.
Bellanwila-Attidiya sanctuaries close to
Colombo & Kurulu-kele Vegetation in Kegalle are also bird watching
To the naturalist, Sri Lanka offers a tantalizing array of interesting &
unique butterfly forms. 244 species of butterflies occur in Sri Lanka,
of which 42 are endemic to the island. Their habitats range from the
hottest areas in the arid zones to the coolest areas in the forested
hills. Most species are closely associated with medicinal plants which
are used by the butterfly larvae as sources of food. Some butterflies
can be seen all year round while others are seasonal. In size, they
range from the large, aptly named Bird-wing butterfly to the tiny, just
as aptly named, Grass Jewel. The highest numbers of species of
butterflies occur in the foothills up to 3000 feet elevation. About half
a dozen species occur above 4000 feet. Twenty species are strictly
confined to the dry zone below 500 feet. There are two major seasons in
which the butterfly numbers peak. These correspond to the onset of the
south-west monsoon in March-April and the north-east monsoon in
September-October. The eleven butterfly families found in Sri Lanka are Danaidae, Satyridae, Amathusiidae, Nymphalidae, Acraeidea, Libytheidae,
Riodinidae, Lycaenidae, Pieridae, Papilionidae and Hesperiidae
A spectacular scene is the seasonal migration during March & April when
the fly all the way up to the Samanala Kanda (meaning Butterfly Mountain
in Sinhalese) (Adam's Peak)
Sri Lanka, in comparison to its size, has a large number of waterfalls:
the island has been blessed with 400 waterfalls. Three of Sri Lanka's
waterfalls are listed among the highest waterfalls in the world ranking
48th, 58th & 62nd. These are
Bambarakanda Falls (263 m),
(220 m) & Kurundu Oya Falls (206m) respectively.
Lakshapana Falls is the
main hydroelectricity power supplier to the island. The abundance of
waterfalls in the country is attributed to the geology of the island &
rocky precipices combined with the quantum of rainfall in the hill
country. These waterfalls are in full bloom during the monsoon rain
periods of the tropical island.
Sri Lanka: Biological Hot Spot
Western Ghats of south-western India & Sri Lanka is one of the 34
biodiversity hotspots of the world recognized by Conservation
Due in part to the varying effect of the yearly monsoons & the high
mountain regions, Sri Lanka is home to a rich endemic assemblage of
plants, reptiles, & amphibians. Sri Lanka alone may be home to as many
as 140 endemic species of amphibians. The island is also home to
important populations of Asian elephants, leopards & the endangered
lion-tailed macaque. Freshwater fish endemism is extremely high as well,
with over 140 native species. Sri Lanka has a rich and exotic variety of
An interesting feature of the species diversity in the island is its
high degree of endemism, which is observed in several taxonomic groups.
Still-more interesting is the distribution of the endemics. A large
proportion is found in the wet zone in the south western region of the
In the Sri Lankan portion of the biological hotspot (Western Ghats of
India & Sri Lanka), most of the habitat is officially protected by the
Forest Department & the Department of Wildlife Conservation (DWLC). The
protected area of the island includes national parks, strict nature
reserves, jungle corridors & sanctuaries. One of the most important
reserves in the hot spot is the Lion King (Sinharaja) Tropical Rain
Forest, a World heritage Site. In Sri Lanka, 92 Key Biodiversity Areas
have been identified through a process coordinated by the Wildlife
Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka & the University of Peradeniya involving a
number of experts.
Sri Lanka's projects of conservation are not a product of modern
environment awareness: Sri Lanka has a long tradition of conservation
rooted in its 2,230 year old Buddhist civilization.
Twenty three percent of the flowering plants are endemic & most of them
are confined to the wet evergreen & wet montane forests of the central &
southwest part of the country.
There is a wide range of ecosystem diversity in the island. The major
natural ecosystems of Sri Lanka are coastal & marine ecosystems, Inland
wetlands, forests & grasslands. It also includes agricultural eco
Marine ecosystems include sea-grass beds, coral reefs, estuaries &
lagoons & mangrove swamps. Forests vary from wet evergreen forests (both
lowland & montane), dry mixed evergreen forests to dry thorn forests.
Grasslands are found in montane & low country. Inland wetlands include a
complex network of rivers & freshwater bodies.
The Tropical Island
Nature & Adventure: Horton plains (grasslands), (WHS),
Ritigala, Kitulgala rapids
Main Biosphere reserves: Hurulu (established in 1977),
Rain Forest (WHS) (established in 1978),
Kanneliya-Dediyagla-Nakiyadeniya (KDN) (estab. in 2004)
Other Biosphere reserves: Morapitiya,
Muturajawela & Kottawa
Wetlands: 103 river basins,
Cultivation: Rice, Tea, Rubber, Coconut, Cinnamon & Spices
Botanical gardens: Peradeniya Royal Botanical Gardens (the finest of its
kind in Asia), Hakgala Botanical Gardens & Henarathgoda Botanical
Coconut palms (Cocos nucifer), Kitul or Sago or fish-tail palm (Caryota
urens), rain tree (Samanea saman), eucalyptus or gum tree (Eucalyptus grandis), Bamboo (Bambusa), banyan (Ficus benghalensis), peepal (Ficus
Golden mohur (Delonix regia), jacaranda (jacaranda mimosaefolia),
tamarind (Tamarindus indica), sil cotton tree (Bombax ceiba), Ceylon
ironweed (Mesua ferrea), rhododendron (Rhododendron Zeylancium)
Mango (mangifera indica), jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), bana
plant (Musa), papaya (Carica papaya), cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale),
avocado pear (Persea)
Frangipani (Plumeria rubra), Bougainvillea, hibiscus, Orchids,
Dendrobium macarthiae, Vandal tessellate
Ayurveda Medical treatments in Sri Lanka
While most of the island is low-lying & flat, but the south-central part
is mountainous & has nine peaks over 2.133m (7,000ft) high.
Pidurutalagala Mountain (2524m)
Kirigalpota Mountain (2395m)
Totapolakanda Mountain (2357m)
Kudahagala Mountain (2320m)
Sri Pada Mountain (Adam's Peak) (2243m)
Would that do?
If such diversity & the ease with which it can be done
appeals to you, would you drop a line to us?
We will take care of all the rest.
Contact us today!
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